The Work Adjustment Theory

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Discussion: The Work Adjustment Theory

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The Work Adjustment Theory

The Work Adjustment (TWA) theory involves a person’s relationship with his or her working environment whereby, the working environment should be satisfactory to the person in order to get results from him or her (Jermier, 2019). When an employee has job satisfaction he or she is likely to be more productive to a department or an organization. The hypothesis is especially useful for individuals who want to choose a profession or are having issues adjusting to their jobs. Assessing a client’s skills, values, and personality is the first stage. The demands and circumstances of various vocations are then compared to these features (Jermier, 2019). Finally, values and rein forcers are used to match the talents.

The variety of difficulties that people may have when transitioning to a new job can be conceptualized using the work adjustment hypothesis. Examples include when an individual’s skills aren’t sufficiently matured for the task or aren’t able to fully develop them, their values and needs aren’t met at work, they don’t comprehend the trends of reinforcement used in the work, or they may be dealing with issues at home that have an impact on their ability to perform well at work (Jermier, 2019). Counselors evaluate the customer’s work character and workplace. Additionally, they evaluate differences between a person’s values and skills and the skill and reinforcement patterns required for the work. Finally, they adjust the work itself by making changes to the reinforcing routines. The theory can also be used when dealing with a client who has retired from employment. It is human nature to take time to adjust to a new environment so a counselor should help the client where necessary (Jermier, 2019). As for retirement attempting to find employment in a non-work setting that has the same skills and demands as their former career.

References

Jermier, J. M. (2019). “When the sleeper wakes”: A short story extending themes in radical organization theory. In Postmodern Management Theory (pp. 21-34). Routledge. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/John-Jermier/publication/331774297_When_the_Sleeper_Wakes_A_Short_Story_Extending_Themes_in_Radical_Organization_Theory/links/5f71ddef458515b7cf5442e5/When-the-Sleeper-Wakes-A-Short-Story-Extending-Themes-in-Radical-Organization-Theory.pdf

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